Our larch collection features three unique species and hybrids between them. Larch are unique as they are one of few deciduous conifers, meaning they drop their needles seasonally. In the weeks prior to leaf drop, larches also exhibit vibrant gold hues.
The tamarack is the only larch species featured in this collection that is native to North America. This species is a common sight in Maine, being found in the wet and acidic soils on the outskirts of wetlands. They are particularly easy to spot during the fall months as these unique conifers sport a vibrant yellow prior to shedding their needles. The tamarack is historically important to Native Americans as their bark was used as a sewing fiber for their canoes.
Also featured in this collection is the European larch. This species of the larch family is similar to that of our native tamarack, however it is native to the mountainous regions of Central Europe. This species prefers moist, acidic soils. It is a popular choice as an ornamental in North America. The wood of the European larch is highly valued for yacht construction.
Japanese larch are very similar to their North American and European cousins. The Japanese larch exhibits slightly droopier branchlettes than the other two species featured in this collection. It's native range extends through the mountains of Japan, however it has been introduced to Europe through cultivation. The wood of the Japanese larch was traditionally used for fencing and rough construction.
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